python抓取京东图书评论数据

京东图书评论有非常丰富的信息,这里面就包含了购买日期、书名、作者、好评、中评、差评等等。以购买日期为例,使用python + mysql的搭配进行实现,程序不大,才100行。相关的解释我都在程序里加注了:

from selenium import webdriver
from bs4 import beautifulsoup
import re
import win32com.client
import threading,time
import mysqldb

def mydebug():
driver.quit()
exit(0)

def catchdate(s):
“””页面数据提取”””
soup = beautifulsoup(s)
z = []
global nowtimes

m = soup.findall(“p”,class_=”date-buy”)
for obj in m:
try:
tmp = obj.find(‘br’).contents
except exception, e:
continue
if(tmp != “”):
z.append(tmp)
nowtimes += 1
return z

def gettimes(n,t):
“””获取当前进度”””
return “当前进度为:” + str(int(100*n/t)) + “%”

#———————————————————————————————————| 程序开始 |—————————————————————————————————
#确定图书大类
cate = {“3273″:”历史”,”3279″:”心理学”,”3276″:”政治军事”,”3275″:”国学古籍”,”3274″:”哲学宗教”,”3277″:”法律”,”3280″:”文化”,”3281″:”社会科学”}

#断点续抓
num1 = input(“bookid:”)
num2 = input(“pagenumber:”)

#生成图书大类链接,共需17355*20 = 347100次
totaltimes = 347100.0
nowtimes = 0

#开启webdirver的phantomjs对象
#driver = webdriver.phantomjs()
driver = webdriver.ie(‘c:\python27\scripts\iedriverserver’)
#driver = webdriver.chrome(‘c:\python27\scripts\chromedriver’)

#读出mysql中的评论页面,进行抓取
# 连接数据库 
try:
conn = mysqldb.connect(host=’localhost’,user=’root’,passwd=”,db=’jd’)
except exception, e:
print e
sys.exit()

# 获取cursor对象
cursor = conn.cursor()
sql = “select * from booknew order by pagenumber desc”
cursor.execute(sql)
alldata = cursor.fetchall()

flag = 0
flag2 = 0

# 如果有数据返回就循环输出,http://club.jd.com/review/10178500-1-154.html
if alldata:
for rec in alldata:
#rec[0]–bookid,rec[1]–cateid,rec[2]–pagenumber
if(rec[0] != str(num1) and flag == 0):
continue
else:
flag = 1
for p in range(num2,rec[2]):
if(flag2 == 0):
num2 = 0
flag2 = 1
p += 1
link = “http://club.jd.com/review/” + rec[0] + “-1-” + str(p) + “.html”
#抓网页
driver.get(link)
html = driver.page_source
#抓评论
buydate = catchdate(html)
#写入数据库
for z in buydate:
sql = “insert into ljj (id, cateid, bookid, date) values (null, ‘” + rec[0] + “‘,'” + rec[1] + “‘,'” + z[0] + “‘);”
try:
cursor.execute(sql)
except exception, e:
print e
conn.commit()
print gettimes(nowtimes,totaltimes)

driver.quit()
cursor.close()
conn.close()

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