python结合api实现即时天气信息

python结合api实现即时天气信息

import urllib.request
import urllib.parse
import json
“””
利用“最美天气”抓取即时天气情况
http://www.zuimeitianqi.com/
“””
class zuimei():
def __init__(self):
self.url = ‘http://www.zuimeitianqi.com/zuimei/queryweather’
self.headers = {}
self.headers[‘user-agent’] = ‘mozilla/5.0 (windows nt 10.0; wow64) applewebkit/537.36 (khtml, like gecko) chrome/47.0.2526.80 safari/537.36’
# 部分城市的id信息
self.cities = {}
self.cities[‘成都’] =’01012703′
self.cities[‘杭州’] = ‘01013401’
self.cities[‘深圳’] = ‘01010715’
self.cities[‘广州’] = ‘01010704’
self.cities[‘上海’] = ‘01012601’
self.cities[‘北京’] = ‘01010101’
# form data
self.data = {}
self.city = ‘北京’
def query(self,city=’北京’):
if city not in self.cities:
print(‘暂时不支持当前城市’)
return
self.city = city
data = urllib.parse.urlencode({‘citycode’:self.cities[self.city]}).encode(‘utf-8’)
req = urllib.request.request(self.url,data,self.headers)
response = urllib.request.urlopen(req)
html = response.read().decode(‘utf-8’)
# 解析json数据并打印结果
self.json_parse(html)
def json_parse(self,html):
target = json.loads(html)
high_temp = target[‘data’][0][‘actual’][‘high’]
low_temp = target[‘data’][0][‘actual’][‘low’]
current_temp = target[‘data’][0][‘actual’][‘tmp’]
today_wea = target[‘data’][0][‘actual’][‘wea’]
air_desc = target[‘data’][0][‘actual’][‘desc’]
# 上海 6~-2°c 现在温度 1°c 湿度:53 空气质量不好,注意防霾。
print(‘%s: %s~%s°c 现在温度 %s°c 湿度:%s %s’%(self.city,high_temp,low_temp,current_temp,today_wea,air_desc))
if __name__ == ‘__main__’:
zuimei = zuimei()
zuimei.query(‘广州’)

效果演示:

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